Goreme town is a destination favored among travellers. It is situated amid the “fairy chimney” rock formations in this historic area of Turkey. The town has undergone a great number of name changes, such as Korama, Matiana, Maccan, Machanmost and most recently Avcilar. For practical reasons it has been decided to use the name Goreme. Goreme was initially occupied during the Roman period when Christianity was widespread, as evident from the numerous rock churches still present today. The current population stands at approximately 2,500 people.
The Goreme Valley Open Air Museum, an impressive complex of monasteries, each characterised by their own church with outstanding frescoes, is Goreme’s most visited site. Located only 15 minutes walk from the centre of town it is a must on the list of sites to visit. On the UNESCO World Heritage List since 1984, it was the first UNESCO site in this area. The second site listed, added in 1985, is the Goreme National Park (Goreme Milli Parklar). Other important sites you should see are Uchisar and Ortahisar (Roman rock cut castles), Ortahane, Durmus Kadir and Yusuf Koc. You should also make sure you don’t miss visiting the numerous traditional houses and pigeon houses that have been carved into the rock formations throughout town. Spend some time visiting the 13th century hotels, known as caravanserais, which were originally built along the “Silk Road”, a trade route originating in China.
This historic centre is abundant with accommodation, some of which is very unique. All budgets are catered for, with accommodation ranging from guesthouses in traditional Cappadocian homes and cave pensions to luxury hotels. Sample the regions famous fruits and potatoes whilst drinking regional wines.
Goreme can be accessed via Nevsehir, by bus or plane, or Kayseri, by train, plane, or bus. Tours to the larger surrounding towns and cities can be made easily from here.